Skip to content


Execute a query against a database.


  • drush sql:query "SELECT * FROM users WHERE uid=1". Browse user record. Table prefixes, if used, must be added to table names by hand.
  • drush sql:query --db-prefix "SELECT * FROM {users}". Browse user record. Table prefixes are honored. Caution: All curly-braces will be stripped.
  • $(drush sql:connect) < example.sql. Import sql statements from a file into the current database.
  • drush sql:query --file=example.sql. Alternate way to import sql statements from a file.
  • drush php:eval --format=json "return \Drupal::service('database')->query('SELECT * FROM users LIMIT 5')->fetchAll()". Get data back in JSON format. See
  • $(drush sql:connect) -e "SELECT * FROM users LIMIT 5;". Results are formatted in a pretty table with borders and column headers.


  • [query]. An SQL query. Ignored if --file is provided.


  • --result-file[=RESULT-FILE]. Save to a file. The file should be relative to Drupal root.
  • --file=FILE. Path to a file containing the SQL to be run. Gzip files are accepted.
  • --file-delete. Delete the --file after running it.
  • --extra=EXTRA. Add custom options to the connect string (e.g. --extra=--skip-column-names)
  • --db-prefix. Enable replacement of braces in your query.
  • --database[=DATABASE]. The DB connection key if using multiple connections in settings.php. [default: default]
  • --db-url=DB-URL. A Drupal 6 style database URL. For example mysql://root:pass@localhost:port/dbname
  • --target[=TARGET]. The name of a target within the specified database connection. [default: default]
  • --show-passwords. Show password on the CLI. Useful for debugging.

Global Options

  • -v|vv|vvv, --verbose. Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug
  • -y, --yes. Auto-accept the default for all user prompts. Equivalent to --no-interaction.
  • -l, --uri=URI. A base URL for building links and selecting a multi-site. Defaults to https://default.
  • To see all global options, run drush topic and pick the first choice.


  • sqlq
  • sql-query


  • An argument or option with square brackets is optional.
  • Any default value is listed at end of arg/option description.
  • An ellipsis indicates that an argument accepts multiple values separated by a space.